Understanding is Anxiety?
The symptoms associated with ASD appear early in a child’s development and this is why it is considered to be a ‘developmental disorder’. The term ‘spectrum’ is used because it describes the wide variety and differing levels of severity of symptoms found in children with ASD. For example, two children could be diagnosed with ASD, yet one may have an intellectual disability, no spoken language and be considered low functioning; whereas the other may have average or even above average intelligence, appear to have normal speech and be considered high functioning.
The major cause of anxiety is stress. There might be positive effects of anxiety but, most of the time, it turns into a serious disorder if you let it linger and continue for a long time.
Types of Anxiety Disorder
There are different types of anxiety disorders:
Severe panic attacks that occur repeatedly can be characterised as a panic disorder. Panic attacks can be unpredictable, and the fear of experiencing another panic attack usually adds to a person’s anxiety. Panic disorder can be very disabling, especially if you feel it can’t be controlled.
Social anxiety disorder
This anxiety disorder is quite common, and is characterised by intense feeling of fear, and a feeling of being judged by others, in social situations. Many experiences of social anxiety disorder appear around adolescence, where it is common to feel the world’s eyes are on us. Social anxiety can deeply impact a person’s social life and education.
Uneasiness, fear, apprehension, and worry resulting from intrusive thoughts are effects of an anxiety disorder called Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). People with OCD often have behaviours that are meticulous, perfectionistic, and fixated on specific rituals. Some repetitive behaviors like excessive washing, hoarding, aversion to specific numbers, and unusual rituals are indicators of an OCD. Often OCD is the surface behaviour that is linked to deeply anxious feelings.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Traumatic events such as accidents, assaults, or any threats to safety can have a huge psychological impact on a person. The exposure of a person to a traumatic experience can lead to an anxiety disorder called Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some effects of PSTD include difficulty in sleeping, irritability, feeling of detachment, and terrible nightmares. These feelings are usually linked to an element of the event that had been experienced, and the memories and associated unpleasant effects are often intrusive and overwhelming.
Everyone have their own share of fears. But the severe and persistent fear of something, like an object or a situation, is called phobia. Phobias are specific and can have strong effects on people. Phobias become problematic when the object of the phobia becomes a major focus in thought and behaviour, often then restricting a person’s ability to participate in many parts of life.
Help is available to help you manage these problems. Treatment for anxiety disorders includes working with a psychologist to develop strategies to notice, understand, and challenge unhelpful thoughts. We can also help you to become confident within yourself, and to learn ways to bring your anxious thoughts and behaviours to a level where they no longer control you. Helping kids manage their anxiety often involves enlisting the help from parents to help children understand what is going on for them, and to help remind them of the strategies that will help them feel more in control, and to get calm, and stay calm.
These are natural ways that can help you reduce anxiety:
A daily dose of fresh air and a little exposure to sunshine
Body massages that help you relieve the tension in your muscles
Aroma therapy which helps you relax your mind.
Exercise routines like yoga
Healthy diet that makes your hormones and transmitters become balance